What is assisted reproductive technology?

Jump To

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) describes several different medical procedures that can help you become pregnant.

The most common type of ART is in vitro fertilization (IVF). During IVF, eggs and sperm are mixed in a laboratory dish to fertilize. Some of the fertilized eggs (zygotes) are then transferred to the uterus.

Other types of assisted reproductive technologies include:

  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This is the injection of a single sperm into an egg. It can be used during IVF to help fertilize an egg. The fertilized egg is then placed in the uterus or fallopian tube.
  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT). It involves collecting eggs from the ovaries, then placing them into a thin flexible tube with the sperm. This is then injected into the fallopian tubes, where fertilization takes place.
  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT). Eggs and sperm are mixed outside of the body using IVF methods. The fertilized eggs (zygotes) are then returned to the fallopian tubes, through which they travel to the uterus.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART): What are some questions to ask your doctor?

When thinking about an assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedure, ask your doctor these questions.

  • Can you give a step-by-step description of the procedure? Ask about any fertility medicines, daily blood testing, and egg harvesting. ART treatment can be physically and emotionally demanding.
  • What is your level of expertise? ART procedures to correct infertility require specialized training and experience.
  • How likely is pregnancy after treatment with ART? This depends on the specific type of problem being treated. It also depends on other fertility factors such as age. You must feel comfortable that the risks of ART are worth the chance of becoming pregnant.
  • What are the clinic's treatment success rates? Also ask about what types of problems the clinic typically treats.

©2011-2024 Healthwise, Incorporated

The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.