What is covid-19 vaccine for children?

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COVID-19 vaccine for children: Overview

The COVID-19 vaccine can help protect your child from getting very sick from COVID-19, a disease caused by a type of coronavirus. COVID-19 can cause serious illnesses, such as pneumonia. It can even cause death.

If your child gets COVID-19, their symptoms will probably be less severe than if they didn't get the vaccine. Getting vaccinated helps keep your child from missing school, day care, sports, and other events. Your child can't get COVID-19 from the vaccine.

The number of doses your child needs can depend on their age, their health, which vaccine they get, and whether updated vaccines are recommended. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you how to stay up to date on your child's vaccines.

Your child may get a COVID-19 vaccine at the same time they get other vaccines, such as the flu vaccine.

How can you care for your child after they get a COVID-19 vaccine?

  • If your child has a sore arm or a fever after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, ask their doctor if your child can take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). Read and follow all instructions on the label. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20. It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on your child's sore arm for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your child's skin.
  • If your child has side effects, such as a fever, be sure they get enough rest and drink plenty of fluids.

What are the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine in children?

Your child might not have side effects. But if they do, they'll probably be like those of other vaccines, including:

  • Fever.
  • Soreness.
  • Feeling very tired.

This is normal. The body is building protection against COVID-19.

Your child may have other side effects, including:

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Crankiness or crying.
  • Chills.
  • Headache.
  • Pain, redness, a rash, or swelling in the arm or leg where they had the vaccine.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit of the arm or in the groin area of the leg where they had the vaccine.

Side effects will likely go away in a few days. Until then, it may be harder for your child to do their usual activities.

If you think your child has been exposed to COVID-19 or if they have symptoms like a cough, trouble breathing, a sore throat, or a runny nose, call your child's doctor. These aren't vaccine side effects. Your child needs a COVID-19 test.

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The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.