What is td vaccine?

Jump To

Tetanus and diphtheria booster: Overview

A diphtheria and tetanus (Td) vaccine protects people against diphtheria and tetanus (lockjaw). You need a Td shot every 10 years to help prevent these diseases, which can be fatal.

You may also need a Td booster if you get a puncture wound or dirty cut. A booster is another dose of the vaccine.

Young teens get a booster at 11 to 12 years of age. This booster is called Tdap and includes the vaccine against pertussis (whooping cough). All teens and adults who never had Tdap also need one dose of this vaccine.

Common side effects of Td vaccination include soreness in the arm where you got the shot and a mild fever. These usually occur within 3 days of the shot and last a short time.

How can you care for yourself after a tetanus and diphtheria booster?

  • Take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve), if your arm is sore after the shot. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20. It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on the sore area for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.

Tetanus and diphtheria booster: When to call

Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • You have a seizure.
  • You have symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. These may include:
    • Sudden raised, red areas (hives) all over your body.
    • Swelling of the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Passing out (losing consciousness). Or you may feel very lightheaded or suddenly feel weak, confused, or restless.
    • Severe belly pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Call your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as:
    • A rash or hives (raised, red areas on the skin).
    • Itching.
    • Swelling.
    • Mild belly pain or nausea.
  • You have a high fever.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any problems.

What should you do if you have a reaction to a tetanus shot?

Some people get a fever as a reaction to a tetanus shot. Reactions may also include warmth, swelling, pain, and redness at the site where the shot was given. Home treatment can help you feel better.

If you do feel discomfort, ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter medicine for pain and fever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.

If you have swelling, put an ice pack on the area where the shot was given. Do this for 20 minutes, 3 or 4 times a day, for the first 24 to 48 hours. After 48 hours, heat may feel better.

©2011-2024 Healthwise, Incorporated

The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.