What is ace inhibitors?

Heart Failure: Taking Medicines

What are some examples of ACE inhibitors?

  • benazepril (Lotensin)
  • enalapril (Vasotec)
  • lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
  • ramipril (Altace)
This is not a complete list.

ACE Inhibitors and ARBs: Helping Blood Flow Better

What are ACE inhibitors?

ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors are medicines that lower blood pressure. They stop the release of an enzyme. This enzyme makes your blood vessels smaller. Without it, your blood vessels relax and get bigger. This lowers your blood pressure.

These medicines also increase how much water and salt go into your urine. This also lowers blood pressure.

You may take this kind of medicine if you have high blood pressure. Or you may take it if you have heart problems, kidney problems, or diabetes.

If you have coronary artery disease, this medicine can help prevent heart attacks and strokes.

What are some cautions about ACE inhibitors?

  • ACE inhibitors can cause a dry cough. Talk to your doctor if you have a dry cough. You may need a different medicine.
  • These medicines can cause an allergic reaction. This can cause a little swelling. Or it can cause red bumps on your skin that hurt. In rare cases, the swelling may make it hard for you to breathe.
  • Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think you are having a problem with your medicine.
  • Check with your doctor or pharmacist before you use any other medicines. This includes over-the-counter medicines. Make sure your doctor knows all of the medicines, vitamins, herbal products, and supplements you take. Taking some medicines together can cause problems.
  • You may need regular blood tests.

Why are ACE inhibitors used?

ACE inhibitors are used for many heart and blood vessel problems. For example, they may be used if you have:

  • Coronary artery disease.
  • Heart failure.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Kidney problems.

ACE inhibitors are safe and effective medicines that help you feel better and live longer. They can help prevent many heart and blood vessel problems.

ACE inhibitors: When to call

Call your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have swelling of your lips, tongue, or face.
  • You think you are having problems with your medicine.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any problems.

What are some side effects of ACE inhibitors?

Side effects may include:

  • A cough.
  • Low blood pressure. This can make you feel dizzy or weak.
  • Too much potassium in your body.
  • Swelling of your lips, tongue, or face. If the swelling is severe, you may need treatment right away. Severe swelling can make it hard to breathe, but this is rare.

You may have other side effects or reactions not listed here. Check the information that comes with your medicine.

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