What is hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

Jump To

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a treatment to increase a person's blood oxygen level, which can prevent tissue death, promote healing, and help fight infection. This treatment involves a person being in an enclosed chamber while 100% oxygen is pumped in at high pressure.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be used to treat conditions such as severe carbon monoxide poisoning, some types of infections, decompression sickness, burns, poorly healing wounds, extreme blood loss, and injuries that cut off oxygen supply to the muscles and other soft tissues.

Large medical centers can often provide hyperbaric oxygen therapy, but it may not be available in smaller hospitals.

How long does hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) take?

Each treatment session lasts about 45 minutes to several hours. After treatment, the pressure in the tube or chamber is lowered slowly while you rest inside.

What are the risks of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)?

Risks of HBOT may include ear pain and rupture of the eardrum. They may also include sinus pressure, a bloody nose, tooth pain, or changes to eyesight. Some people may feel anxious. In very rare cases, it can cause seizures or problems from too much oxygen.

What is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)?

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a treatment that helps healing. It's used to increase the oxygen level in your blood. This can prevent tissue death, promote healing, and help fight infection. You sit or lie down in an enclosed chamber. The pressure inside the chamber is raised. Then 100% oxygen is given.

How is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) done?

In HBOT, the air pressure is raised to about three times the normal air pressure. Then you are given 100% oxygen. The higher air pressure allows your lungs to take in more oxygen than they can under normal air pressure.

HBOT can be done in two ways. You may lie down on a stretcher. The stretcher slides into a clear acrylic tube about 7 ft (2.1 m) long and 25 in. (64 cm) across. The pressure is raised in the tube, and the tube fills with oxygen. Or you may sit in a large chamber that can hold two or more people. A mask or hood is used to give you oxygen at high pressure.

Why is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) done?

HBOT can prevent tissue death and promote healing. It's often used to treat carbon monoxide poisoning or decompression sickness from scuba diving. It may also be used to treat some infections or poorly healing wounds. And it may be used for burns and injuries that cut off the blood supply to soft tissues.

©2011-2024 Healthwise, Incorporated

The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.