What is mdro infections?

MDRO Infections
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How is a multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infection treated?

  • If your doctor thinks you are infected with an MDRO, the doctor may:
    • Use antibiotics to treat your infection.
    • Clean out or drain the infection.
    • Treat your underlying illness.

How can you prevent the spread of a multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infection?

You, your doctor, the hospital staff, and your visitors all play a part in keeping the infection from spreading to others.

  • Isolation. Your doctor may want to keep you away from other people in the hospital. You may be in a special hospital room, called an isolation room. Visitors may be limited to prevent the MDRO germs from being carried outside your room. Children, pregnant women, people who are ill, and some others might not be allowed into the room, as they can be more likely to get a serious infection.
  • Hand-washing. Everyone who comes in the room will need to wash their hands with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, to help stop the germs from spreading. When washing:
    • Wash your hands with running water and soap.
    • Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds.
    • Pay special attention to your wrists, the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your fingernails.
    • Don't touch the faucet with your hand. Use a paper towel to turn off the water.
  • Gloves and gown. Visitors and caregivers may have to use disposable gloves and a gown over their clothes. This helps prevents the MDRO germs from spreading.

What is a multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) colony?

MDRO stands for multidrug-resistant organism. MDRO germs, called bacteria, include MRSA, VRE, ESBL, CRO, and KPC. These can all cause infections. But they can't be killed by many of the antibiotics that doctors use to treat infections. This makes them harder to treat.

An MDRO colony is a group of living MDRO germs. If you are colonized with an MDRO, these germs are living on or in your body. You may not be sick with an infection, but you can spread the germs. In some people, like those who are weak or ill, MDRO infections can become serious.

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