What is methotrexate therapy?

Methotrexate Therapy
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Treating an ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate: Overview

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg grows outside of the uterus. In a normal pregnancy, the fertilized egg grows inside the uterus.

In most ectopic pregnancies, the egg grows in a fallopian tube. This is also called a tubal pregnancy. Sometimes the egg grows in an ovary or some other place in the belly. But this is rare. An ectopic pregnancy never becomes a normal pregnancy and birth.

You were given a medicine called methotrexate to treat your ectopic pregnancy. This was done to prevent dangerous problems. After your treatment, you may have vaginal bleeding that’s like a period. It may last for about a week. You may have belly pain that lasts a few days. The pain may get worse for a day or two about a week after treatment.

Treatment with methotrexate can be complex. It may involve a number of blood tests and doctor visits over the next several weeks.

This treatment usually works well. But there is still a chance that you will need surgery.

You should be able to have a normal pregnancy in the future. But you may have a higher risk for more ectopic pregnancies. Tell your doctor right away if you get pregnant again.

How can you care for yourself after methotrexate treatment for an ectopic pregnancy?

  • Your doctor might want you to use sanitary pads if you have vaginal bleeding. Using pads makes it easier to keep track of your bleeding. You may use tampons during your next period. It should start in 3 to 6 weeks.
  • Ask your doctor when you can have vaginal sex again.
  • Get plenty of rest. You may be more tired than normal for a few weeks.
  • Avoid moving quickly or lifting anything heavy until your doctor tells you it is safe to do your normal activities.
  • Follow your doctor's instructions about taking over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen. Don't take NSAIDs like ibuprofen or naproxen. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
    • Do not take two or more pain medicines at the same time unless the doctor tells you to. Many pain medicines have acetaminophen, which is Tylenol. Too much acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be harmful.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Avoid foods that may give you gas, such as beans, broccoli, cabbage, and apples.
  • Do not take vitamins that contain folic acid, such as prenatal vitamins.
  • Avoid direct sunlight. It can cause skin problems while the medicine is in your body.
  • Pay attention to your feelings. If you're sad and it's not getting any easier, talk with your doctor or a counselor.
  • Talk to your doctor if you want to try to get pregnant soon. The doctor can tell you when it's safe to do so.
  • If you don't want to get pregnant, ask your doctor about birth control. It's safe to use it during your treatment. It's possible to get pregnant again before your next period starts.
  • Go to all follow-up appointments and tests. This helps your doctor make sure that your treatment is working.

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