What is renal bone disease?

Renal Bone Disease

How can you care for your bones when you have kidney disease?

  • If you don't have renal bone disease, take steps to avoid it.
    • Get regular exercise, which can help keep your bones strong.
    • Get the right amount of phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin D. Follow the diet your doctor or dietitian gives you.
  • If you have renal bone disease, take steps to treat it. For example, you may need to:
    • Eat a diet that is low in phosphorus. A dietitian can help you make an eating plan that is low in phosphorus. You may need to:
      • Limit dairy products, such as milk, yogurt, or ice cream.
      • Avoid nuts, peanut butter, seeds, lentils, peas, and beans.
      • Avoid drinks such as beer, cola, and cocoa.
    • Take a medicine called a phosphate binder. A phosphate binder helps control the level of phosphorus in your blood.
    • Take vitamin D and calcium pills.
    • Take medicine to control your parathyroid glands. In some cases, these glands need to be removed by a surgeon.
    • Exercise to strengthen your bones. To make sure that an exercise program is safe for you, talk to your doctor before you begin.
  • If you have renal bone disease, work closely with your doctor, have regular testing, and follow all treatment steps. Your doctor can advise you about how often you need testing. If you are on dialysis, you will probably be tested every 6 months.

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