What is tig injection?

TIG Injection
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TIG injections for tetanus: Overview

Tetanus is a disease caused by bacteria. These bacteria might enter your body through a wound, cut, splinter, or burn. They make a toxin, or poison, that causes severe muscle spasms. Tetanus can be very dangerous, but you can get shots to prevent it.

Some people may need tetanus immunoglobulin (TIG) for a wound that is at risk for tetanus. TIG is also used to treat tetanus. TIG is a protein that helps your body fight the tetanus toxin. TIG does not protect you from future tetanus infections. For that, you need to get the vaccine.

You can prevent tetanus by getting all of your recommended vaccines (shots). A TIG shot is usually needed only if you have not (or don't know if you have) finished the tetanus shot series.

You might also get a TIG shot and a booster (new dose) of the tetanus vaccine if you have a dirty cut or wound and 5 or more years have passed since your last tetanus shot.

If you have a reaction to a tetanus shot, you may have a fever. Your symptoms may also include warmth, swelling, and redness at the site where the shot was given.

How can you care for yourself after a TIG injection for tetanus?

  • If you have a reaction to the shot, try home treatment.
    • Ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter medicine for pain and fever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
    • Put an ice pack on the area where the shot was given. Do this for 20 minutes, 3 or 4 times a day, for the first 24 to 48 hours. After 48 hours, heat may feel better.

TIG injection for tetanus: When to call

Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • You have symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. These may include:
    • Sudden raised, red areas (hives) all over your body.
    • Swelling of the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Passing out (losing consciousness). Or you may feel very lightheaded or suddenly feel weak, confused, or restless.
    • Severe belly pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Call your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have symptoms of tetanus, such as:
    • Stiffness in the jaw.
    • A stiff neck, back, or shoulders.
  • Your wound has signs of infection, such as:
    • Increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness.
    • Red streaks leading from the area.
    • Pus draining from the area.
    • A fever.
  • You have symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as:
    • A rash or hives (raised, red areas on the skin).
    • Itching.
    • Swelling.
    • Mild belly pain or nausea.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any problems.

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The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.