What is enhanced recovery after surgery?

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
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Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS): Overview

Enhanced recovery after surgery, or ERAS, is a way to help people prepare for surgery. The goal is to help you get ready for surgery and get better sooner. Before your surgery, you:

  • Eat well in the days leading up to the surgery.
  • Drink lots of clear fluids.
  • Learn some basic information about your surgery. Doing this can put your mind at ease.

Your doctor will explain any other tips to help you recover. You may have to avoid some foods. You may also need to empty your colon with a laxative or an enema.

During surgery, you may get different kinds of medicine for pain. This can help you heal sooner and feel less pain later.

Soon after surgery, you will also drink fluids, eat as soon as you can, and try to walk a little. Different types of pain medicine may be used after surgery. This can also reduce the need for opioids and reduce side effects like constipation.

These recovery tips may be recommended for many types of surgeries, such as:

  • Colorectal surgery.
  • Surgery on the veins, arteries, heart, lungs, or other organs.
  • Surgery to remove a growth (tumor).

Knowing what to expect before, during, and after surgery can help ease your fears. It can also help you take an active role in your recovery. Ask the doctor any questions you may have.

How do you prepare for surgery with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)?

  • Eat healthy foods in the week leading up to your surgery. Your doctor will tell you how long before surgery to stop eating.
  • Try to get more exercise in the weeks leading up to your surgery. Even a little walking can help. The better shape you are in, the sooner you are likely to recover.
  • Drink plenty of liquids. Your doctor will tell you when you should stop drinking liquids.
  • Your doctor will also tell you if you should stop taking any medicines.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking can delay recovery. If you need help quitting, talk to your doctor about stop-smoking programs and medicines. These can increase your chances of quitting for good.

What is enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)?

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a set of guidelines. Hospitals and surgery centers use it help you prepare for surgery, control pain, shorten your stay, and recover sooner. Before surgery, you'll eat healthy food and drink enough fluids. Afterward, you'll eat and get out of bed as soon as possible.

What can you expect after surgery with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)?

You will drink water and eat healthy foods as soon as you can after surgery. Your care team will help you sit up in a chair while you eat. You'll get up and walk as soon as you can. Medicine will help control your pain.

What can you expect during your surgery with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)?

You will get medicine so that you relax and don’t feel pain during your surgery. The surgical team will closely watch your fluid levels during the surgery to keep you well hydrated.

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