What is metatarsalgia?

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Metatarsalgia: Overview

Metatarsalgia (say "met-uh-tar-SAL-jee-uh") is pain in the ball of the foot. It sometimes spreads to the toes. The ball of the foot is the bottom of the foot, where the toes join the foot.

While walking might be very painful, the pain is usually not a sign of a serious or permanent problem. But any pain can affect your life, so it is important that you treat it.

Pain in this area can be caused by many things. For example, you may have this pain if you stand or walk a lot or wear tight shoes or high heels.

Your pain might be caused by inflammation of a joint (capsulitis). It is most common in the joint at the base of the second toe, near the ball of the foot. Capsulitis happens when ligaments that go around the joint become inflamed. The joint may be swollen. It may feel like there is a small rock under it.

You may have had an X-ray if your doctor wanted to make sure a more serious problem is not causing your pain.

Treatment may consist of home care, such as rest, wearing different shoes, and taking over-the-counter pain medicines. It can take months for the pain to go away.

If the ligaments around a joint are torn, or if a toe has started to slant toward the toe next to it, you may need surgery.

How can you care for yourself when you have metatarsalgia?

  • Rest your foot. If an activity is causing the pain, find another one to do that does not put so much pressure on your foot.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on your foot when it hurts or after you've done something that usually causes pain. Do this for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.
  • Take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
  • Wear roomy, comfortable shoes.
  • If your doctor recommends it, use special pads to relieve the pressure on your foot. The pads may fit into your shoes, or they may stick to the soles of your feet.
  • Ask your doctor about using orthotic shoe devices. These are molded pieces of rubber, leather, metal, plastic, or other synthetic material that are inserted into a shoe.
  • Wear shoes with good arch support.
  • Try not to wear high heels or narrow shoes.
  • Follow your doctor's or physical therapist's directions for exercise.

Metatarsalgia

Bottom of foot, showing area of pain in metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia (say "met-uh-tar-SAL-jee-uh") is pain in the ball of the foot. It sometimes spreads to the toes. The ball of the foot is the bottom of the foot, where the toe bones join the foot bones.

Metatarsalgia: When to call

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • You have new or worse symptoms.
  • You do not get better as expected.

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The content above contains general health information provided by Healthwise, Incorporated, and reviewed by its medical experts. This content should not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Not all treatments or services described are offered as services by us. For recommended treatments, please consult your healthcare provider.