What is periodontitis?

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Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a serious gum disease in which the tissues and bones that support your teeth are damaged by the bacteria in plaque. Treatment may include cleaning, antibiotics, or surgery. If periodontitis is not treated, teeth can become loose and fall out or need to be removed.

Periodontitis (advanced gum disease)

Mouth with plaque on teeth and unhealthy gums, with detail of advanced gum disease showing plaque, gums pulled away, and bone loss.

Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease. Early gum disease causes the gums to pull away from the teeth. This leaves deep pockets where plaque and bacteria can build up. Periodontitis can progress until there is loss in the bones that support the teeth. Teeth may get loose and fall out or need to be removed.

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